তত্ত্বে-শাস্ত্রে-মন্ত্রে-রূপে কালী : আদি থেকে অধুনা
Authors: ড.অভিজিৎ গঙ্গোপাধ্যায়
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‘Kali’, the Goddess in hindoo mythology is entitled as the Goddess of Power or Supreme Energy. In fifteenth century the famous bengalee pandit named Krishnananda Agambagish transcripted his idea about the image & spirit of Goddess ‘Kali’ in his ‘Tantrasar’ book, has taken as a considerable and consented model of ‘Kali’ in entire Bengal. In great Indian legendary like ‘Mahabharata’, ‘Haribansham’, Upanishadas and other vedic literatures the description of Goddess ‘Kali’ has been admitted in various ways. ‘Devi Kali’ was also being imaged and prayed differently in ‘Raghubansham’ and ‘Kumarsambhabam’ written by Kalidasa as well as ‘Kadambari’ and ‘Malatimadhaba’ written by Banbhatta and Bhababhuti respectively. In the Primitive cult of our country, Goddess ‘Kali’ was being signified as a Non-Aryan odyssey. The Aryan invasion theory says that ‘Asuras’ were being worshiped outside of India mythologically and brought to India by the Indo-Aryans. Once the Aryans has started to worship ‘Kali’ as to get the power of destruction from ‘Devi’ against ‘Asuras’. In the middle-age history of our country, ‘Jayadratha-Yamal’ book described ‘Devi Kali’ by the name of ‘Ishan Kali’, ‘Raksha Kali’, ’Birjya Kali’, ‘Pragya Kali’ etc. In our country the rituality and doctrine of ‘Shakto’ is fully sovereign in respect to the other two like ‘Shaiba’ and ‘Bhagabat’. ‘Kali’ or ‘Kalika’ is being keenly worshiped by bengalee in the name of ‘Shyama’ or ‘Adyashakti Mahamaya’ also. She is also reckoned as ‘Dashamahavidya in ‘Tantra’. In eighteenth & Nineteenth Century ‘Devi Durga’ and ‘Devi Kali’ was being vastly devoted as ‘JagatJaanani’ or ‘Jaganmata’ (The eternal mother of country) by Bankim Chandra Chottopadhyay, Ramakrishnadev, Vivekananda, Netaji Subhaschandra Bose and others. Even today the idea has been changed. Now we find and celebrate ‘Dussehra’ Festival as a day of lightning the prosperity and defeating the evils from our soul and society. Recently US President Barack Obama greeted Hindoos, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists across the globe on the occasion of ‘Diwali’, saying ‘The flame of the ‘Diya’, or lamp reminds us that light will ultimately triumph over darkness’.