Authors: Atashi Jana
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Flood is a natural or manmade event which causes overflow of river and as a result surrounding areas are water logged and causing natural and economic losses and also human casualties. There are many causes of South Bengal flood as heavy rainfall, sedimentation in river bed, deforestation, incorrect land use planning, excess water from D.V.C , cyclone etc. South Bengal is very much affected from flood. West and East Midnapore, Howrah, Hoogly, North 24 pgs and South 24 pgs are most affected areas of South Bengal. Tamluk and Panskura of East Midnapore, 21 blocks of West Midnapore, Amta and Udaynarayanpur of Howrah, Sundarban region are most flood affected. There is a comparative study of previous three years flood scenario as 2014, 2015, 2016. From this comparative study there is a clear picture of cause and effect of SouthBengal flood. In 2013 water from D.V.C. and cyclone Phyline caused devastating flood in East and West Midnapore, Howrah with a lot of damages. The number of total flood affected people are about 25598. In 2014, watelogging condition was seen in North 24 pgs, South 24pgs and East Midnapore. Flood condition is seen in Sundarban for breakdown of embankment due to heavy flow of river. In 2015 water from D.V.C , heavy rainfall, cyclone Komen caused devastating flood in South Bengal with a lot of loss. So, it is clear that D.V.C. is one of the main causes of flood in South Bengal . So, to control flood, proper planning, management and forecasting is urgent to stop the evil effect of flood .