Communist Party of India in Surma-Barak Valley of Assam: A Short History
Authors: Shyam Mamud Barbhuiya
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During colonial period, the Communist Party of India and its allied organizations played a significant role in the freedom movement of India. After the Russian revolution, a large number of Indian revolutionaries and youths were inspired by the ideology of Communism and communist ideology started to gain ground in Indian soil. During 1920’s various communist groups emerged in different parts of the country. At the initiative of M.N. Roy, the Communist Party of India was first established in Tashkent in 1920 and ultimately, the party was formed within India in 1925 by uniting different individual communist groups of the country in Kanpur. In the communist movements of India, Surma-Barak valley of Assam did not lag behind. The Communists Party and organisation also developed in Surma-Barak valley of Assam which had raised its head from the district of Sylhet which was the nerve centre of political activities at that time. The organisation of the C.P.I in Sylhet was formed in 1935 and in Cachar in 1938. Like other parts of India, the revolutionary youths and students laid the base of the CPI in Surma-Barak valley. After the formation of the CPI and subsequent joining of the erstwhile revolutionaries into the party, the old trend of militant revolutionary method of Indian freedom struggle was ended and a new trend emerged in the political arena of colonial India which was guided, inspired and controlled by the ideology of Communism.