VIABILIDADE ECONÔMICA DA PRODUÇÃO FAMILIAR DE ALIMENTOS PARA OS MERCADOS INSTITUCIONAIS DE ALEGRE-ES
Authors: Caio César Soares Biancardi, Rafael Rodrigues, Haloysio Mechelli de Siqueira, Joana Junqueira Carneiro, Maria Aparecida Fernandes
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This paper presents and discusses the results of the economic viability analysis of food family production, inserted at the farmer´s market and at the institutional markets (Food Acquisition Program - PAA and National School Feeding Program - PNAE) of Alegre, Espírito Santo State, Brazil. Fifteen foods were included on the research: pumpkin, watercress, lettuce, wild chicory, banana prata, green onion, chayote, collard greens, yam, scarlet eggplant, cassava, heart of palm, okra, tannia and tomato. The operational cost of production and trading, the operational liquid revenue and the index of benefit/operational cost were the economic indicators considered. It was verified that lettuce, banana prata, green onion, collard greens and tomato were the foods which presented positive value of operational total liquid revenue in the three focused markets, and the higher indexes of benefit/cost were achieved by green onion, in PNAE, and collard greens, in PAA. At the opposite extreme were pumpkin and wild chicory. The insertion of family farmers in PNAE was, most times, the most advantageous, unlike PAA, in which eight of the fifteen focused foods had a situation of economic inviability.