Stereota xic Biopsy of Brain Tumors
Authors: Ch.S. Shashkin, B.B. Zhetpisbayev, R.M. Abdulguzhina, E.S. Zhukov
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Objective. Assessment of the possibility of using
stereotaxic biopsy to diagnose brain tumors in the
Republican Research Center for Neurosurgery.
Methods. The research involves 21 patients with
massive brain lesions who have undergone stereotaxic
biopsy using the Leksell system, 12 males and 9 females.
Neurologic picture was dominated by right hemisyndrome
and aphasia – 10 cases, epileptic syndrome – 3 cases,
cephalgia – 3 cases, left hemisyndrome – 2 cases,
tetraparesis – 1 case, and paralysis – 1 case.
Results. In 43% cases, anaplastic astrocytoma
GIII was discovered, in 19 % cases, Glioblastoma
multiform was found. In 2 cases, no tumor cells were
found, whereas CT scanning confirmed achieving the
target point. In one case, biopsy was repeated 3 months
later revealing a glioblastoma.
Conclusion. Stereotaxic biopsy is an effective,
minimally invasive and accurate method for brain tumor
Key words: stereotaxic biopsy, brain tumors,
tumor histology, cytology diagnostics.