A STUDY OF SELECTED HYMNS OF SAINT TUKARAM
Authors: Nivedita Deshmukh
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In total, an advice was given in all the compositions of all saints to adopt the path of devotion
like importance of remembrance of God, devotion without expectation of any fruit, submission to
him who is sans discrimination. The entire saints have simplified the path to devotion of God,
mancipation of life and attaining the highest place of freedom from life i.e. mokshya, with their
self experience only by pronouncing his name. The fulfillment, happiness and freedom from cycle
of life and death of the entire human beings is not possible without chanting of Harinama.
Dnyandev demanded blessings from his Mentor of peaceful universe by making a pledge of motto
‘I will make the entire universe happy’ and gave upmost place to devotion of Guru. All saints
renounced everything and guided the true path of devotion by keeping superstition at bay and
not following the path of pilgrimage, giving up the conjugal life and through fasts but by taking
refuge to counting His name, reciting Him with true heart. Everyone has to has adopt any
profession to meet both hands meet. It might be any profession. But He is omnipresent. Every
saint has made his profession great through his devotion. For eg. Savata Mali, Gora Kumbhar,
Narhari Sonar, Nama Shimpi, Tukarametc. The truth of presence of God in every living and
dead, place should be accepted is the insistence of the saint. Every composition of the saints are
pregnant with meanings and they are useful in finding the solution to the problems in the life.
Though these compositions are hard to understand, they are useful in convincing the place and
importance of saints in life and marital life. While raising Bhagawat sect, Dnyandev has given
extract of ideological life development to the society through affluence literature like
Dnyaneshwari. In the further period, the holiness and purity of the same extract was preserved
by saints Namdev, Eknath, Tukaram etc. SantTukaram was born in the year 1577 and lived most
of his life in Dehu, a town close to Pune in Mahārāshtra, India. SantTukaram was a prominent VarkariSant and spiritual poet of the Bhakti. SantTukaram was a devotee of Vitthala , a form of
god Vishnu.Tukaram's full name was Tukaram Bolhoba Aambile. In the said research, a study of
selected hymns of saint Tukaram was conducted.
Key words: Bhakti, Sadguru,Sant,.