Education is a very essential part of our life. To know ourselves better, to know the society better, we have to be educated, without education progress is not possible. Every person has the right to be educated. Every person has the right to attend school, college and university. We should have some minimum qualification so that we don’t face any problem in bank, post office and such official works and also we can better understand the society, the economy, the politics etc, but above all the practical application of our knowledge is very much necessary, the more higher our qualification is the more responsibility we have to make the proper application of our knowledge. Now a day’s few people are doing higher degrees either to get a good reputation in society or to be qualified as a good bride or groom, neither they are trying for job nor they are applying their knowledge in any field, actually they are blocking a seat in College and University in this tough competition era and so blocking the possibility of making proper application of that opportunity they have got.
Peer Pressure is very much common during Examination, sports and entrance tests. It is experienced in human relations too. So how can we cope with everything? The Art of Living YES! (The Youth Empowerment Seminar) programme is a life skills programme. It is composed of three modules: Healthy Body, Healthy Mind and Healthy Lifestyle. The Art of Living YES! Programme is based on- Sudarshan Kriya, Meditation and breathing techniques, Techniques for mental focus and concentration, Techniques for overcoming fear and anxiety, Interactive process, team games, Food awareness, Group discussions, Learning through fun and games, service to others, confidence building and leadership. YES! programme was applied by the Art of Living teacher. The researcher developed a rating scale for measuring YES! programme. Post test only experimental group design was used in this research. The students of SSRVM School, VallabhVidyanagar made the population for the study. For content analysis X2 was found out and interpretation is derived from the result. School students have shown positive tendency about YES! programme. Students were more positive. YES! programme was found more effective on the students of SSRVM School. It is suggested that such progammes can be implemented on various groups at Schools to enhance the positive life skills and better living and life style.
Why do people fear other people and things? Why do many folks feel self-conscious around others? What's behind shyness? What can we do about it? Fear of other people is a big fear. But there is a way to conquer it. You can conquer fear of people if you will learn to put them into proper perspective. Do what's right and keep your confidence. That's thinking you to success. Here is a psychological principle that is worth reading over twenty-five times. Read it until it absolutely saturates you: To think confidently, act confidently. Be fearless with the help of these five procedures to your work; 1.Action cures fear, Isolate your fear and then take constructive action. 2. Make a supreme effort to put only positive thoughts in your memory bank.3. Put people in proper perspective. 4. Practice doing what your conscience tells you are right. 5. Make everything about you say, "I'm confident, really confident.
The Present investigation is to find out the differences in mental health of East and West area people in Ahmedabad. The sample consisted of 120 people out of which 60 were east area people and 60 were west area people. For this purpose of investigation „Mental Health Analysis Inventory‟ by A.B.Jansari, HarkantBadami, Charulata Badami was used. The data obtained were analyzed through„t‟ test to know the mean difference between the two groups. The result shows that there is no significant difference in mental health of east and west area people and east area male-female in Ahmedabad. There is significant difference in mental health of west area male and female people at 0.05 Levels.
The present study aimed to investigate the level of social maturity and concept development of visually impaired children in residential and integrated educational settings. For this purpose 40 visually impaired children, 20 from residential educational setting and 20 from integrated educational setting were selected through purposive sampling technique from Uttarakhand, Uttara Prdesh, Hariyana, Gujrat and Delhi. For measuring level of social maturity and concept development, Vineland Social Maturity Scale (Indian adaption by A.J. Malin) and M.N.G. Mani’s concept development test were administered. 2 test, mean and percentage techniques were used to analyze the obtained data. The result reveals that in residential school setting children are more socially mature in comparison to integrated educational setting. The cumulative average performance score from all the 200 concepts reveal that residential education is more effective in comparison to integrated education for visually impaired children.
The present study evaluates the emotional maturity and self concept among Doctors and managers. The sample consisted of 100 professionals (50 Doctors and 50 Managers) from Jalgaon and Nashik cities of North Maharashtra. Self-concept rating scale, developed by Dr. Muktarani Rastogiand Emotional Maturity Scale by Singh and Bhargava Scales were used to collect the data. The data were analyzed by „t‟ test. The results discovered that the Doctors and Managers have no significantly difference on emotional maturity. It was also noticed that Doctors and Managers have no significantly difference on self concept.
The present study was conducted to compare the self concept and Values of male and female employees in banking sector. The sample for the present investigation consists 120 employees from Jalgaon City. In order to select the sample from the banking systematic random sampling technique was involved. From banking both male and female subjects were included in the sample. The researcher used two standardized psychological tests the self-concept scale by Dr. Raj Kumar Saraswat (1984) and Kamal Dwivedi and Shagufta Hafiz (1998) value scale to collect the data from the field. The investigator used different statistical analysis viz, mean, S.D and t-test to analyze the data. It was found male employees in comparison to female employee have been found high on self concept. The male and female employees on values have been not found significance difference on values scale.
Our decisions decide our destiny. Problem solving, decision-making, analytical reasoning and creativity are important abilities not only for studies but also for every sphere of life. SETP (Seven Effective Thinking Patterns) tool developed by Dr. Arvinder Singh was applied on teenagers to study the effect on their cognitive abilities. The study was done on 50 convent school students. Important parameters like Innovative Thoughts, Decisive Factors, Pros- Cons Analysis and Broader Perspectives were studied on the scale of 1 to 5. Scoring was done for Pre-training and Post-training sessions. For innovative thoughts pre-training score was 2.10±0.678, while for post training it was 3.34±0.717. Decisive factor‟s pre-training score was 1.68±0.653, while for post training it was 3.52±0.735. Pros-cons analysis pre-training score was 1.66±0.557 and post training score was 3.32±0.768. Broader perspective pre-training score was 1.86±0.700, while for post training it was 3.52±0.931.For language pre-training score was 2.70±0.763, while for post training it was 2.76±0.847. For expression pre-training score was 2.68±0.768 and for post training it was 2.88±1.256. The above findings suggest that SETP tool was effective and showed significant improvement in 4 out of 6 parameters. The tool was not effective for language and expression parameters. Important point is that by SETP tool, we were able to enhance the cognitive abilities of school going children, which will make solid foundation for their future.
On December 26, 2004, a massive undersea earthquake off the west coast of Northern Sumatra in Indonesia with a Richter-scale magnitude of 9.0 caused a giant tsunami that devastated the shorelines of Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and several other countries. In India the tsunami severely affected the coastal regions of the eastern state of Tamil Nadu, the union territory of Pondicherry, and the western state of Kerala. The tsunami had a huge human, physical, economic and social impact. Natural disasters like this have a negative impact on individuals‘ mental health. Not only do disaster survivors have an increased risk of developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Norris FH, 2002) and other mental ailments (McFarlane AC, Papay P, 1992), but their quality of life may also be curtailed (Chou FH,2004; Heo JH, 2008; Tsai KY et al, 2007). The purpose of study was to analyze the impact of PTSD on quality of life and subjective well-being of peoples in tsunami affected area at Pondicherry through a comparison between affected and unaffected population. Sample of the present study include 260 subjects, 130 tsunami victims (F=60 & M=70) and 130 unaffected people (F=60 & M=70) aged between 25-40 years, who has been identified through the Posttraumatic Disorder Check List PCL (Weathers et al, 1993) from Pondicherry, India. That who are having the history of psychiatry disorders and who had death or other traumas in family in last 1 year is excluded from the victims group. Subjective wellbeing inventory (Diener et al, 1985) and WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) were used to collecting data. The study found that there is significant difference between PTSD victims and unaffected people in quality of life and subjective well-being. PTSD had influenced in quality of life and subjective well-being of peoples of Pondicherry.
"Green Marketing" refers to holistic marketing concept wherein the production, marketing consumption and disposal of products and services happen in a manner that is less detrimental to the environment with growing awareness about the implications of global warming, non-biodegradable solid waste, harmful impact of pollutants etc. Both marketers and consumers are becoming increasingly sensitive to the need for switch in to green products and services (Mudhassir, 2010). .Green consumers can be defined as one:-“Who is mindful of environment related issues and obligations, and is supportive of environmental causes to the extent of switching allegiance from one product or supplier to another even if it entails higher cost”. Thus the purpose of the research was to explore the concept of green marketing, or green products in relation to consumer behavior. Samples were selected through random sampling. 70 college going students of Aligarh Muslim University participated in the research. Green consumer value scale by Haws et al (2010) and sustainability endorsement scale by William A.McConochie were used to measure the consumer behaviour. For statistical analysis Pearson correlation was used.
The elementary school teachers and especially women teachers are facing new challenges and need to be supported by the educational administrators and the state. In order to strengthen the role of women teachers, there is needed to look at well-being and occupation stress of women teachers‟. The present paper is justified to study the well being and occupational stress of women teachers of primary schools. For this, Well Being Scale and Occupational Stress Scale for are used as tools of data collection. Main findings of this study are: (i) very few women teachers fall in low well being level category while majority of the women teachers fall in the category of high well being, (ii) few women teachers fall in high stress level category while majority of the women teachers fall in the category of average as well as less stress well being category and (iii) there exists significant relationship between well being and occupational stress of women teachers of primary schools.
BACKGROUND: There are various barriers to donating blood that influence the behavior of people towards blood donation such as cultural beliefs in some ethnic groups, socio-economic factors, their knowledge or lack of knowledge with regards to blood donation and other issues AIM & OBJECTIVE: To establish motivational and socio-demographic factors for the development of a long-term commitment as a blood donor. METHODOLOGY: Questionnaire-based study collected from 310 participants containing 22 items, including socio-demographic information, donors' evaluation of blood bank service and 23 statements on motivation. Data on motivation was analyzed using factor analysis. RESULTS: Representation of males (85.4%) for donation was much higher compared to females (14.6%).Unemployed individuals were found to be under-represented. The single, most important, recruitment channel was the influence of active blood donors. CONCLUSION: Most donors were recruited by other donors. Their continued involvement as blood donors was primarily linked to altruistic and empathic reasons.
The present study was planned to find out the impact of Spirituality on Well-being among old age people. Sample of the present study comprised of one hundred old age people (age range 50 to 65). Sample was randomly selected from different areas of Aligarh. The data were collected by Spirituality Attitude Scale (Hussian et al., 2011) and Well-Being Scale (Jagsharanbir Singh and Dr. Asha Gupta, 2001). Simple Linear Regression was applied to examine the Correlation between Spirituality and Well-being as well as Coefficient of Spirituality on Well-being. Whereas, it was found to be R=.359 and R Square Change was 12% which represent the contribution (Impact) of predictor variable on Well-being among Old age people. The Correlation was computed between Spirituality and Different dimensions of Well-being i.e. Physical, Mental, Social, Emotional and Spiritual and it was found to be .542, .592, .524, .527 and .451 respectively. Further, Correlation was applied between Overall Well-being and Different dimensions of Spirituality i.e. Sense of Purposeness and Maintenance of Discipline which was found to be .696 and .534. Well-being is concern for an individual by which he can live a better life on which the happy life of the society is based. In order to be living long an individual should be involve in religious practices throughout his/her life.
Background: Acceptance and commitment therapy is a third generation behavior therapy mainly used in treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. The main goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment group therapy on anxiety, depression and Rumination in mothers of children with special needs. Materials and Methods: The statistical society included mothers of children with special needs in Hamedan city. In this semi-experimental design, by using convenience sampling;18mothers were selected and they were divided into two groups of intervention and control randomly. Mental evaluation included a clinical interview (based on DSM-V), a clinical psychologist conducted Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Rumination Response Scale (RRS). Depression, anxiety and rumination Scales were assessed at three stages: prior and after first intervention session and three weeks after the intervention sessions. Data were subjected to descriptive statistics and the analysis with a mixed ANOVA design. Results: Findings showed significant decrease in scales of Depression, Anxiety and Rumination and in post-test and follow up after Acceptance and commitment therapy intervention. Thus, group treatment based on the acceptance and commitment therapy caused significant changes in the treatment of anxiety, depression and rumination in mothers of children with special needs. Conclusion: The result of this study highlights the efficient role of acceptance and commitment group therapy on mothers of children with special needs and it introduces new horizons in clinical interventions.
The present research study aims to examine the academic achievement of secondary school students in relation to gender differences. The study was carried out on a sample of 100 male and female students studying in class IXth of Aligarh District, U.P. India. Two self developed tools were applied which finally analysed by applying Mean, SD, t-Test and Pearson‟s Coefficient Correlation (r). Results revealed a significant difference between male and female students in English achievement scores and also no significant difference was found between English and Mathematics achievement scores of IXth grade male students. Results also revealed low positive correlation between English and Mathematics achievement of male students of IXth grade and moderate positive correlation between English and Mathematics achievement of female students of IXth grade. The results suggested to the need of motivation and encouragement for enhancing academic achievement scores of male and female students.
Purpose of the present investigation was to study the role of parental attitude in development of aggressive behavior among adolescents. The sample comprised of 200 (100 male and 100 female) undergraduate students of Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh. Parent-Child Relation Questionnaire (PCRQ) (Singh, 1984) was used for measuring parental attitude and Aggression Questionnaire (Buss & Perry, 1992) was used for measuring adolescents aggression. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and t-test were used for analyzing the data. Result revealed that there was significant negative correlation between positive parental attitude and aggression. It was also found that there was significant positive correlation between negative parental attitude and aggression. When gender differences was conducted on same sample, it was found that in father‟s attitude, female students scored significantly higher on only one positive dimension of father‟s attitude i.e. disciplining out of three positive dimensions (i.e. loving, protecting and disciplining) in comparison to male students, while male students scored significantly higher on only one negative dimension of father‟s attitude i.e. punishing out of three negative dimensions (i.e. dominating, rejecting, and punishing) in comparison to female students. Similarly, in mother‟s attitude, the results revealed that female students also scored significantly higher on two positive dimension of mother‟s attitude (i.e. loving and disciplining) out of three positive dimensions in comparison to male students. The results also showed that male students scored significantly higher on all three negative dimension of mother‟s attitude in comparison to female students. Further it was found that male students scored significantly higher on all four dimensions of aggression (i.e. physical, verbal, anger and hostility) in comparison to female students.
This empirical study examined gender differences in statistics anxiety with 156 undergraduate college students (48 males, 107 females) from a liberal arts college in the United States. Students completed surveys regarding number of prior statistics classes completed and statistics anxiety. Three subscales of the Statistical Anxiety Rating Scale (STARS; Cruise, Cash, and Bolton, 1985) which measures statistics anxiety were used. No gender differences were obtained for the Worth of Statistics and Computation Self-Concept subscales. Females had greater anxiety on the Test and Class Anxiety subscale than males. For males, no significant correlations were obtained between statistics anxiety and course grades. For females, significant correlations were obtained between Worth of Statistics and course grades (r = .230, p < .05) and Computation Self-Concept and course grades (r = .226, p < .05).
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the impact of levels of processing (Independent Variable) on our memory (Dependent Variable). We hypothesized to find that a deeper level of processing lead to a better memory and in turn, greater recall. The experiment controlled variables such as environmental conditions, age of the target population and educational background of the participants. The experiment uses the Independent Measures design and the participants are a convenience sample of teenagers. We reduced Practice Effect and Fatigue Effect by using the Single-Blind Technique. The results proved the hypothesis: Semantic encoding lead to greater retention and a deeper trace of memory whereas Structural encoding lead to a shallow processing of memory. These results are replicated in Craik and Lockhart‟s (1972), Levels of Processing model. The researches done by Hyde and Jenkins (1973) and Craik and Tulving (1975) also prove the same results: deeper levels of processing lead to better recall. The Mann-Whitney U test also made a clear distinction in the number of words recalled due to deep and shallow processing. The study also raised some limitations such as generalizations, rehearsal, ecological validity and others. In totality, the experiment effectively manipulated variables and reproduced accurate results.
The major objectives of the study were to find out whether adolescents’ perception of 10 dimensions of home environment could be predicted by their emotional intelligence and gender difference, if any, in the said prediction. The sample comprised 600 adolescents (300 girls; 300 boys) aged 12 through 15 years of Kolkata. Area, stratified and multi-stage random sampling were used to select the sample. Standardized tools viz., Home Environment Inventory, Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory, Socio-Economic Status Scale were administered for data collection. Multiple Regression Analyses revealed:- i) adolescents’ perception of most dimensions of home environment could be significantly predicted by their emotional intelligence ii) gender difference in the said predictions did not emerge.
The present research aims to examine the nature of social interaction anxiety in HIV positive adults and HIV negative adults as well as the effect of gender on social interaction anxiety (SIA). This study attempts to focus on some of the specific aspects of SIA that distinguish the HIV positive adults from the HIV negative adults and thus, place the former at a higher risk of further health care problems. A sample (N =60) of 30 HIV positive adults (15 men and 15 women) and 30 HIV negative adults (15 men and 15 women), aged between 18 to 25 years, responded to the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) (Mattick & Clarke, 1998). Findings indicated that the HIV positive adults reported higher social interaction anxiety than the HIV negative adults. Specifically, the HIV positive adults experienced higher levels of worry and tension, higher anxiety with respect to interpersonal skills, and greater fear of being judged than the HIV negative adults. The present study calls for further research to be done on the impact of social, economic, environmental (rural and urban) and educational backgrounds, family settings, personality and self-esteem of HIV positive adults on SIA.