The Deteriorate Function of Competitive State Anxiety on Handball Players
Authors: Vincent Parnabas1
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Sports psychologists have long believed that high levels of competitive state anxiety during competition are harmful, worsening performance and even leading to dropout. The instrument used for the study comprised of a 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2 and The Psychological Performance Inventory which had been distributed during sport between universities competition. The sample consisted of 98 handball players, including the national athletes (N=33), state athletes (N=21), district athletes (N=25) and university athletes (N= 19). The results showed that elite or national handball athletes exhibited lower levels of competitive state anxiety, F (3, 98) = 20.121, p < .01. The result also showed that the exits of negative correlation between competitive state anxiety and sport performance among handball players, (r = -0.71; p<0.05). Sport psychologists, sport counselors and coaches should use the present findings to recommend coping strategies to university and district level athletes that are appropriate for dealing with their athletes’ competitive state anxiety.