31st Rifle Stalingrad Red Banner Division in Defensive Battles for Rostov-on-Don (July 23-25, 1942)
Authors: Sergei G. Nekrasov
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The article deals with the defensive battles for Rostov-on-Don on July 23–25, 1942 in the context of their mention in the order of the People’s Commissar of Defense of the USSR No. 227 of July 28, 1942. The Battle of Rostov-on-Don in July 1942 is practically not disclosed in Soviet, Russian and foreign historiography. Meanwhile, in the history of the Great Patriotic War, these actions played an important strategic role. Despite significant losses, they made it possible to carry out an organized withdrawal of the formations and units of the Southern Front to the new defensive lines. Using as an example of one specific formation – the 31st Stalingrad Rifle Division – the article shows that the personnel of such formations fought heroically and skillfully, as far as the operational-strategic situation allowed. The article is based on documents from the Central Archive of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.