The Idea of “Moscow, Third Rome” by Philotheus: on the Formation of the Concept of “Russian World”
Authors: Marina Ch. Larionova, Alexey S. Tishchenko
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The concept “Russian world”, which is actively used in diverse fields of science, is associated with various social ideas. One of these ideas is “Moscow, third Rome”, which took shape in the epistles of Elder Philotheus. This article analyzes the influence of the theory “Moscow, third Rome” on the formation and establishment of the concept of “Russian world”. This idea presupposes the opposition of Russia and Western and Eastern civilizations, deduces the opposition of the Russian world to the “non-Russian”. The perception of the Russian people as the last bearer of the Orthodox statehood allows us to speak about the special historical significance of Russia. The role of Moscow as a center spiritually uniting Orthodox peoples added credibility to the Russian state, which was at the stage of formation and strengthening. The presence of a single strong state is one of the conditions for the formation of the concept of the “Russian world”. Based on the messages of Elder Philotheus, one can deduce the values of the Russian world: the presence and sovereignty of the state, the sacredness of power, spirituality, conciliarity, and messianism. The idea of “Moscow, third Rome” puts forward strict requirements for the ruler, who appears to be the ideal leader, absorbing the best qualities of the Russian world. Thus, the idea of “Moscow, third Rome” influenced the formation of the concept of “Russian world”, the question of which is promising for scientific research.