Dynamics of socio-demographic processes in the Tobolsk province in the second half of XIX – early XX centuries
Authors: Igor S. Tomilov
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Social status played a huge role in the society of pre-revolutionary Russia, reflected in almost all aspects of life. Formed over centuries, the legislation of the Russian Empire has allocated four basic classes: nobility, clergy, urban inhabitants and rural inhabitants (farmers). By the late XIX – early XX centuries the social structure, in general, had finished its formation, but not in all regions this process went evenly. The article analyses, by the example of Tobolsk province, the estate composition of its residents in the late Imperial period. On the basis of the legislative acts, historical documents and bibliographic works, it was reflected the dynamics of demographic development (population, marriages, deaths, natural and artificial growth, life expectancy), changes in the number and position of basic social categories (commoners, merchants, military, clergy, peasants, exiles, etc.). The study has involved techniques and methods of interdisciplinary, local, systemic, structural-functional, diachronic, problem-chronological approaches. As a whole, the obtained results allow estimating the impact of the Russian economic recovery on the development of the social structure of the studied area in the designated time frame.