“We have already Separated the Church from the State, but we still have not the Religion from the People”: the State and the Russian Orthodox Church in the Don in 1923
Authors: Ludmila V. Tabunshchikova, Alla V. Shadrina
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The article deals with one of the less studied subjects of the church-state relationships in the USSR, the events of 1923. In this year there was a change of the tactics in the fight of the Soviet state against religious organizations. The author shows, by the way of example of the Don region, that was started a large scale propagandistic campaign against the Russian Orthodox Church. One of the most notable its theorists was E. Yaroslavsky. There were implemented various forms of active agitation: propagandist public debates and articles in newspapers, public renunciations of the priests-renegades, struggle against church fests, carrying over of holidays, anti-bell and anti-icon campaigns, the introduction of the “red ritual”, the demonstrative closing of churches, etc. The mass propaganda was ineffectual because the “excesses on the ground” provoked indignation among the believers.