Soviet Troops at the Beginning of the 1942 Summer Campaign: National Formations in Battles in the Big Bend of the River Don
Authors: Alexey Y. Bezugolniy
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This article is dedicated to the participation of three national formations – the 110th Kalmyk Cavalry Division, the 115th Kabardino-Balkar Cavalry Division, and the 255th Independent Chechen-Ingush Cavalry Regiment – in the most dramatic events of the 1942 summer campaign associated with the Soviet troops' defense in the big bend of the River Don. Compared with most military formations within the Red Workers' and Peasants' Army which fought around this line, the national units were fresh and fully equipped with men, horses, and machinery. The national military formations put up a fierce resistance against the enemy. However, due to the latter’s overwhelming superiority in manpower, artillery, tanks, and aviation, they were overpowered by the enemy within days.