El Underwater Cultural Heritage in the Yucatán Peninsula Region, Mexico
Authors: Helena Barba-Meinecke; Abiud Pizá Chávez; Gabriel Quetz León
Number of views: 79
The Yucatan Peninsula, in the Mexican southeast, has more than 1,300 kilometers of marine coastline, in addition to rivers, coastal lagoons, springs, estuaries, swamps, and land reclaimed from the sea, as well as a vast network of underground caves, cenotes, and waterways, among other bodies of water (inland/continental). A large part of the Underwater Cultural Heritage that the Mexican Republic has today has been identified in these aquatic spaces.
This article aims to offer an overview of the various explorations and research projects over forty years that account for this vast heritage. However, the significant advances made by the Vice Directorate of Underwater Archeology (SAS) of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, a Mexican entity mandated by law to protect, conserve, research, and disseminate the cultural heritage of Mexico, stand out.