The dream of leaving the street
Authors: Gustavo José Leal Cuervo
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Urban studies in Panama are very scarce, there is no history of research carried out from the point of view of anthropology on the urban problems of informal working children in the Panamanian capital; For this reason, it is urgent that Anthropology be able to approach the problem in a different way, that is, from the inside, from the perception of the boys and girls themselves, listening to them, telling us their perception, interpreting their problems with them, and building the analysis of your situation together. The characterization of these working boys and girls in Panama City has not been the priority of anthropology or social sciences in general in this country, which places us for the moment, in an explanation of the problem still in approximate terms. It would then be about boys and girls who are on the streets as workers, a good part of their time is spent in such an area, but they maintain regular contact with their family group. Part of the night is spent on the streets and, in general, they give their income to their parents. Almost always the informal work of children in the street takes place in degrading conditions, manifested in low income, long hours of work, abuse, sexual harassment, unsanitary physical conditions. Although in Panama there are legal frameworks and institutions for the protection of child labor, it is necessary to be able to guarantee these children who work on the street, the application of the rights enshrined in the labor code, especially in relation to working hours, salary remuneration, social security regime, among others.