TOTAL BLOOD DONATION: THE DONOR´S RESPONSIBILITY AND THE ASPECTS OF THE BLOOD COMPONENT TRANSFUSION
Authors: Alana Scaravonatto, Dora de Castro Agulhon Segura
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The blood transfusion is a vital and important therapy for many individuals, since the blood is a singular tissue that can´t be replaced by other substance, however the voluntary blood donation is the only source of provision. Although hemotherapy is indispensable to some clinical cases, and Brazil is considered a country of universal serological coverage, the blood recipient is subject to risk of contamination by transmissible infectious diseases via transfusion. In order to assure a higher number of blood donors and transfusion safety, besides inciting more volunteers to donate blood it is essential to reassess and improve the transfusion practices. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge about the relevance of the blood component donation, of the processes adopted as transfusion safety measure up to the destination of the blood to a recipient. For this purpose, 45 Physiotherapy students of sophomore year at Universidade Paranaense, Toledo – PR, participated in this survey, among them, 3 men and 42 women of an average of 20,3 years old (±3,4) years, volunteers, that answered a survey about the investigation of the knowledge about the act of the total blood donation. The results show 28,9% donors, most (38,5%) without specific frequency, 76,9% reported being aware about the action, 75% described themselves very knowledgeable, although some evidences inferred the opposite. Accordingly, it was possible to conclude that the researched issue must be discussed in further studies and that actions to clarify population about the blood donation are still necessary, assuring, this way, more safety and efficacy.