THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE IN THE FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY IN PATIENTS SUBMITTED TO MASTECTOMY: A LITERARY REVIEW
Authors: Tiago José Nardi Gomes, Vivian da Pieve Antunes, Natália Fernandes Mezzomo, Leticia Castagna, Patrícia de Moraes Costa
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Breast cancer is a stigmatized disease that frighten women. The breast cancer surgery is linked to changes, complications and sequelae in up to 70% of affected women , affecting their quality of life, and after surgery difficulties in performing activities of daily life. In an
attempt to minimize physical injuries, psychological and social after cancer treatment there are several complementary practices and aids the treatment of cancer, among these, we emphasize the physical activity that resonates in direct benefits, increasing functional
capacity. This study aimed to address the importance of exercise in patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy and demonstrate its benefits. We conducted a literature review using electronic databases Lilacs, PEDro, SciELO, Bireme and PubMed. Several studies have confirmed the importance of exercise to improve functional capacity and quality of life and stress that to present the desired effect should be performed on a regular and continuing basis at the professional supervision. Some authors cite factors that hinder the exercises for these patients, such as lack of time, side effects of treatment, discouragement,
among others. This review concluded that exercise when performed correctly and accompanied by a professional gave positive effects to patients approached, but, however, not
yet part of the routine of many patients, justifying the need for disclosure and further studies on the subject .