NOSOCOMIAL PATHOGENS ON ANIMATE AND INANIMATE SURFACES IN HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN THE STATE OF QUERÉTARO
Authors: Martha Paulina Caltzontzin Silva, Alberto Juárez Lira, Nephtys López Sánchez, Aurora Zamora Mendoza, Alicia Álvarez Aguirre, Cesar Aguilar Bautista
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Contrary to the progress made in hospital care, nosocomial infections remain a problem of considerable dimension in the whole world, affecting negatively population’s health and also increasing expenses of the sanitary environment, which alarmingly affects the Health System. In that sense, the purpose of this work is to know the frecuency of pathogens in health institution in the State of Queretaro through a descriptive cross-sectional study using the statistical program SPSS V20, both living and inert surfaces, having as a result 168 samples of which 47.6% shows the presence of some nosocomial pathogens in almost half of this samples, most of them being gram-positive bacteria. It should be pointed out the prevalence of Pseudomona (gram-negative bacteria) in most of inert surfaces; Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most prevalent agent on living surfaces, specifically in the hands of health personnel, turning it in an important nosocomial pathogen. The key of why look in to this topic, beyond the cold prevalence statistics, is to make sense of the vast and complex variability of other agents, surfaces, places, and even letterheads of several institutions, which reveal yet again the need for standardized processes and formalize actions assertively, to avoid situations that now seem incredible and out of view according to concepts given by implicit in a place where the aseptic and antiseptic environment must be a fact.