Indian Journal of Clinical Anaesthesia (IJCA) publishes definitive, peer-reviewed articles devoted to the clinical practice of anaesthesia. IJCA publishes a wide range of articles in the discipline of anaesthesiology including basic science, translational medicine, education, and clinical research to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the field without restrictions/barriers of subscription and language. IJCA addresses all aspects of anaesthesia practice, including anaesthetic administration, pharmacokinetics, preoperative and postoperative considerations, coexisting disease and other complicating factors, cost issues, and similar concerns anaesthesiologists contend with daily. Exceptionally high standards of presentation and accuracy are maintained. This Journal is an Open Access journal and aims to publish research articles, reviews, case studies, commentaries, short communications, and letters to the editor on various aspects of anaesthesiology and perioperative medicine and making them freely available worldwide. The core of the journal is original contributions on subjects relevant to clinical practice, and rigorously peer-reviewed. Highly respected international experts have joined together to form the Editorial Board, sharing their years of experience and clinical expertise. Specialized section editors cover the various subspecialties within the field. To keep your practical clinical skills current, the journal bridges the gap between the laboratory and the clinical practice of anaesthesiology and critical care to clarify how new insights can improve daily practice.