A STUDY OF STUMBLED ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY WRF TO DOMESTIC VIOLENCE ON MAHILA WORKERS OF UNORGANIZED SECTOR WITH REFERENCE TO NORTHEAST AREAS OF MUMBAI CITY
Authors: Sangeeta N. Pawar
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Domestic Violence is a human rights issue and a serious offence committed against women at large in many Indian houses. It is more rampant, persistent, severe and violent among rural as well as urban population. The severity is definitely high amongst the uneducated, poor, low middle, and even the middle class population perhaps the figure of domestic violence may tend to even be equal in case of educated working class of population. The domestic violence is serious deterrent to development. The Vienna Accord of 1994 and the Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action (1995) have acknowledged this. The United Nations committee on Convention on Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (CEDAW) in its General Recommendation No. XII (1989) has recommended that State parties should act to protect women against violence of any kind especially that occurring within the family. The Study on women workers provides information on their wage and working conditions, socio-economic background and life styles. Some are migrants which make them come to Mumbai city for livelihood because of their financial compulsions. Some women work as maid servants, some as construction laborers, some as vendors, sweepers, scavengers etc. They live in slums, in bad living conditions with no sanitation facilities, lack of water and health of these women is more vulnerable showing mortality rates, delivery deaths, ailments, prolonged diseases like Tuberculosis, asthma, skin diseases etc. The Research background is magnifying the details and findings through applied research. This is a problem solving and problem oriented research. It is more like a action research carried out to find solution to the real life problems faced by the unorganized sectors mahila workers. The research appeals to the policy makers to initiate and design policies, strategies, take concrete and implementative actions and have accountability towards such distorting offences disturbing the physical and mental harassment of women. The aim of the study is to highlight the phenomenon of domestic violence which is widely prevalent but has remained invisible. Presently a woman is cruelly physically and mentally harassed by her husband and her in-laws or her husband’s relatives, is an offence under section 498-A of the Indian Penal Code. The present paper is a dedicated attempt to identify and study more analytically the cases of domestic violence committed against the women workers in home based organizations prominently termed as self employed mahila workers. The Methodology manifested in the research study and the data collection is through primary and secondary source. For secondary data books, journals, periodicals, thesis, dissertations and government reports are used and the primary data is collected through Depth interview by Non-Disguised method. This method is adopted to make the respondent feel free and since the issue is more sensitive, there is full chance that the respondent will not want to speak or reveal the facts therefore to have more friendly approach this method is used. The study is a random sample survey of 50 mahila workers but surprising only 20 women were vocal, bold enough to lodge police complaint against their family members especially the husband. The study depicts the scenario of domestic violence prevailing amongst the mahila workers of unorganized sector or self employed women working in Bhaji Poli Kendra run by women entrepreneurs in North East Areas of Mumbai City with reference to Chembur, Govandi and Mankhurd residing women. The Findings are very but natural and abstract that every woman interviewed has been victim of domestic violence. 100% findings reveal that domestic violence in this study has proved correct and rampant rise is measured for more predominant reasons of poor economic conditions. The study implies to Accelerate the economic conditions of women, make them independent and earn their livelihood to establish their empowerment over their family members. The data interpreted in the study shows the mental disturbances and psychological issues of the women. Their strength and cope up strategies to tolerate injustice and harassment. The study implies to provide information of some schemes to women initiated by the government so has to make their economically strong, information of law and NGO who can be approached and contacted for conviction of the crime and in some cases consultation talks with family members to find solution to the problems.
Keywords: Domestic violence, mahila workers, self employed, Harassment, Abuse