Effects of different concentrations of sucrose or trehalose on the post-thawing quality of cattle bull semen
Authors: Reda I. El-Sheshtawy, Gamal A. Sisy, Walid S. El-Nattat
Number of views: 200
To examine the effect of different concentrations of trehalose or sucrose (50 or 100 or 200 mM) on post-thawed quality of bull semen, cryo-preserved in Tris-citric acid-egg yolk-fructose (TCYF).
Semen samples were diluted in TCYF extender, TCYF + trehalose (50, 100 and 150 mM/L) or TCYF + sucrose (50, 100 and 150 mM/L) to ensure 60 million motile spermatozoa mL-1, cooled slowly up to 5 °C and equilibrated for 4 h. Semen was packed into 0.25 mL polyvinyl French straws. The straws were placed horizontally on a rack and frozen in a vapor 4 cm above liquid nitrogen (LN2) for 10 minutes then dipped in liquid LN2. Frozen straws were thawed at 37 °C for 1 min. The parameters studied were sperm motility, sperm viability, sperm abnormality, sperm membrane integrity (HOST), percent of normal intact acrosome and DNA fragmentation.
The output data demonstrated that addition of 50–100 mM of trehalose or sucrose/L TCYF after chilling at 5 °C had significantly (P<0.0001) ameliorated motility, membrane integrity, viability, abnormal morphology, and acrosome integrity % compared to control diluted semen while 50 mM of trehalose/L, and 50–100 mM of sucrose/L to TCYF diluent had significantly (P<0.0001) improved after thawing motility (43.00,% 45.00% and 41.00%, respectively), membrane integrity (67.40%, 67.80% and 69.40%, respectively), life sperm % (70.20%, 69.40% and 71.40% respectively), and acrosome integrity percentages (56.40%, 58.80% and 55.80% respectively) compared to the control tris-base diluent, while diminishing the abnormal sperm morphology (6.20, 3.80 and 3.80 respectively) and DNA fragmentation (3.60%, 3.80% and 3.80% respectively). Besides, the addition of 100 mM of trehalose/L to tris-base diluent has also a promising effect when added to the tris-base diluent concerning the above parameters.
It is finally concluded that the addition of 50–100 mM trehalose or sucrose/L to TCYF have a beneficial effect in chilling diluted bull semen, while the use of 50 mM trehalose or 50–100 mM sucrose had their benefits on freezing-thawing of extended semen.