Emigration of the Jewish population from Ukrainian lands in the late XIX – early XX century
Authors: Lasinska Marianna
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Emigration of the Jewish population from the regions of Ukraine becomes prominent in the late XIX – early XX century. Migration movement abroad covering extensive layers of the Jewish population. Emigration Jewish ethnic group in its various forms existed long before the specified period. The history of Jews in Ukraine migration can be carried back to the XVI century. Her individual facts are well known, as the end of XIX century. emigration was a rare phenomenon, isolated. The migration of the Jewish population defined as political reasons (religious persecution, pogroms and relocation) and economic reasons (the largest migration of this kind was the resettlement of Jews from Central Europe to Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine and Belarus XIV – XVI cent.). Causes of been different and often unique. The reason for leaving, too, could be a family or household circumstances (marriage to a citizen of a foreign country, prolonged treatment abroad, etc.).
Mass emigration of Jews from Ukraine late XIX – early XX century. worthy of close attention to research. Despite the fact that through the efforts of historians generally known total number of Jewish immigrants to other continents, the direction of migration flows, and the reasons for the Jewish population to emigrate, there are some aspects that never became the object of special research scientists. The relevance is determined by the fact that now takes another active wave of emigration of Jews from Ukraine, especially since its territories that make up the so-called zone ATO. In this context, the study of Jewish emigration from the Ukrainian land boundary XIX – XX centuries. is of great practical importance.
The purpose of this paper is that through extensive historiographical material to analyze the history of emigration of the Jewish population in the late XIX – early XX century. of Ukrainian lands of North and South America, South Africa and Eretz Yisrael. Identify the main directions of migration flows and to establish their causes and consequences, and especially the existence and fate of immigrants in the countries of resettlement.
The object of study is the migration movement of Jewish ethnic Ukrainian lands in North and South America and the Eretz Yisrael late XIX – early XX century. By the object of study included various aspects of the movement.
The subject of research is government policy towards immigration, methods and conditions of migration, social, legal status of immigrants in countries of immigration, immigrant organizations activities, activities of diplomatic missions, the role of Jewish charities in the formation of communities of immigrants living.
The methodological basis of the study is a set of scientific methods that form the basis of historical research: a historical approach to the analysis of the phenomena of the past, scientific objectivity, comparative-historical method, an integrated approach to the analysis of historical events, taking into account their multidimensional.