Comparison between Noncontrast Enhanced and Contrast Enhanced Abdominal CT Scan in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis
Authors: Sitthipong Srisajjakul, M.D., ViratchadaTanksurakit, M.D.
Number of views: 116
Objective: To retrospectively compare between non enhanced and enhanced abdominal CT scan and evaluate sensitivity in diagnosis of acute pancreatitis.
Methods: A total of 150 patients diagnosed with acute pancreatitis between January 2008 and December 2011, were enrolled in this study. Abdominal CT images on both precontrast and postcontrast phase in 141 patients (91 male and 50 female, and age range 4-81 years) were retrospectively reviewed. Single non contrast studies were done in 9 of 150 patients. The time period from clinical onset to imaging was within 4 weeks except for 4 patients. Two observers evaluated the CT ndings (intraparenchymal, peripancreatic and locoregional ndings) of each phase of image separately. The agreement between non contrast and contrast enhanced CT scan of each nding, CT grade and severity were evaluated.
Results: The percentagess of pancreatic CT ndings were pancreatic enlargement, abscess, necrosis and pseudocyst at 75.9/75.9%, 11.3/3.5%, 30.5/17.7%, and 6.4/5.7%, compared between Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) and noncontrast enhanced computed tomography (NECT), respectively. The percentages of peripancreatic ndings were ir- regular pancreatic outline, obliterated peripancreatic fat, retroperitoneal edema, acute peripancreatic uid (APFC) and acute necrotic collection (ANC) at 82.3/89.4%, 77.3/85.1%, 18.4/0%, 36.9/44.7% and 32.6/14.9%, respectively. The percentages of locoregional ndings were Gerota’s fascia sign, pancreatic ascites, pleural effusion and adynamic ileus at 75.9/85.8%, 61.0/56.7%, 46.8/48.2% and 2.1/0% respectively. About CT grading, grade A (normal CT ndings) was found 7.8% and 8.5% on CECT and NECT, respectively. Grade C, D and E were found 36.9/61.7%, 14.9/10.6% and 40.4/19.1%, respectively. Also for severity, mild level was found 44.7/70.2% and severe level was found 55.3/29.8% on CECT and NECT.
Conclusion: Both NECT and CECT scans of the whole abdomen in patients with acute pancreatitis have concordance in interpretation of the CT ndings as well as sensitivity in diagnosis. Moreover, NECT has equivalent ef cacy in screening of pancreatic abnormality, as compared with CECT. Therefore, we suggest that NECT can be the initial screening modality in patients with acute pancreatitis to con rm diagnosis, severity assessment or evaluation of the complication.