TURKEY’S ENERGY VIEW, CLEAN ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES AND DETERMINATION OF APPROPRIATE ENERGY POLICY
Authors: Bülent D. ÇİFT, Hasancan OKUTAN
Number of views: 153
In recent years because of increasing energy demand in our country and the rest of the world and supplying this energy demand by fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas cause an increase in carbondioxide emission. Increasing carbondioxide amount and other pollutants released from fosil fuel combustion (methane, nitrogen oxides, hydroflorocarbons, sulfurhexaflor and ozone) absorb the rays coming from sun, partially prevent turn-back to atmosphere and cause warming of atmosphere. Besides causing environmental pollution and global climate change, fosil fuels increase the dependence of energy to foreign countries. By the way Turkey should change her direction to renewable energy sources and when evaluating the national fosil fuel resources it becomes inevitable to take necessary precautions to prevent environmantal pollution. Today going along the barrel price of oil’s above 105 $, rising price of natural gas and difficulties in it’s procurement makes it necessary to take precautions such as evaluating the national sources, using the clean energy Technologies supplying energy effiency, energy economy and versatility of sources. On the other hand dependance of our energy supply to abroad reaches to 73% and while overcoming this disadvantage by using our native energy source, lignite, we should use the technologies to control the SO2 emissions and CO2 release. In this study Turkey’s energy statistics and energy demand estimates are investigated. Research results, about the renewable and clean energy potentials of Turkey, are given. Finally according to these potentials, recommended Turkey’s energy policies are discussed. As emerging clean technologies, hydrogen energy, biofuel and underground coal gasification processes are demonstrated.