Stress Causing Factors among Women and Strategies to Cope Up
Authors: Dr. Shakeel-ul-rehman
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Stress is a psychological, physical or emotional reaction, resulting from aan individual's response to environmental anxiety, conflicts, pressures and similar other stimuli that intimidate a person's ability to manage. When a person face a situation which brain is incapable of handling, it puts the body on alert by secreting required hormones for fight-or-flight situation, such as, rapid heartbeat, increased blood pressure, condensed blood supply to the skin, increased respiration, and additional release of sugar into the system to coup up with the additional energy requirement. The word Stress is derived from the Latin word “Stringer” meaning to draw tight. There are many definitions of stress, such as tension or pressure to medical explanation for the physiological response of human body to certain stimuli. Stress has different meanings to different people. From a common perspective, stress can be described as feeling tense, anxious or worried, or having the depression. Scientifically these feelings are manifestations of the stress experienced an intriguingly complex programmed response to the perceived threat that can have both positive and negative results (Ivancevich & Matteson, 1996). Murtaza & Siddiqui, (2011) describes that causes of stress are diverse but include: Social Stressors (associated with family life, marital relationships, isolation, rejection etc), Occupational Stressors (too much or too little work, over promotion or under promotion, conflicting job demands, incompetent superiors, working accessing hours and interactions between work and family commitments etc), and Environmental Stressors (arising from extremes of temperatures and humidity, inadequate lighting and ventilation, noise etc). In context to this the present research is survey based and intends to study stress causing factors among women in Salem city through a structured questionnaire. Major dimensions of stressors like; sociological factors, psychosomatic factors and family and relationship related factors have been investigated, moreover some mental and physical stress management strategies to cope up adopted by women have also been covered under the study.