Floristic structure of garden’s and kitchen garden’s landscapes of the town of Ishim and Ishimsky district
Authors: Koshcheeva G. S., Gubanova L. V., Gultyaeva Yu. V.
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The mankind will intensively transform the surrounding environment, forming natural and anthropogenous landscapes. As a rule, characteristics of natural landscapes are provided in a Landscape Science. However, a real situation such is that practically all landscapes of our region (forest–steppe landscapes) though to some extent, but are transformed. At the development of a landscape of people changes first of all such component of a landscape as a vegetable cover. And garden and kitchen garden landscapes of Ishim and the Ishim district, a vegetable cover, it seems, is present at natural and anthropogenous landscapes to which it is possible to carry, but in what species of plants and what their prevalence differs it is possible to answer only after carrying out research and the analysis of floristic structure of garden and garden landscapes.
We conducted research on the floristic structure of garden and garden landscapes on three key sites (Ishim, the village of Strychnine, the village of Mizonovo) Ishim and the Ishim district. The analysis of the prevalence of species of plants of various agricultural groups is made, the abstract of types is made.
Besides, the comparative characteristic of garden and garden landscapes of Ishim and the Ishim district is given. Among the group of vegetable cultures, the plants which are the most extended on all three key sites are well–known types: potatoes and tomato. Prevalence in all three key sites so of types, as is also high: cucumbers, carrots, cabbage, onions, etc. The most a little widespread type of vegetable cultures is soy, and in Mizonovo it isn’t present.
Among green and the spicy plants of cultures, the most widespread in all key sites is fennel. Green and spicy plants, still “exotic” for our district, are widespread in the village of Mizonovo not so widely. Parsley, salad are also traditional onions on greens.
Raspberry, currant, gooseberry is most widespread in a group of fruit and berry cultures. In Mizonovo pay to fruit and berry cultures insignificant attention. In the village of Strychnine fruit and berry cultures widespread, then in Ishim. Besides, in Strychnine select fruit and berry cultures for maturing terms that during all vegetative period there were fresh fruits and berries. However, “exotic” types, such as an apricot, sweet cherry, are registered in Ishim. The group of medicinal cultures is more various in garden and kitchen garden landscapes of Ishim.
In spite of the fact that green manure crop in villages is grown up approximately twice less, than in the city, nevertheless, leaders are a bean (peas, haricot, beans) and oats. Citizens in garden and garden landscapes grow up a wide range of types–green manure crop.
The decorative and blossoming plants in garden and garden landscapes of Ishim differ in a wider range than on other sites. However, prevalence is, as a rule, lower than them, than in the village of Strychnine. In the village of Mizonovo are more widespread one — the biannual blossoming plants and trees. We will note that on all sites there are plants included in the Red List, such as peony evading, Solomon’s seal, a globeflower, the adonis.
Is interesting that fact that in garden and garden landscapes of Ishim practically all species of plants meet wider range, but less than in the village of Strychnine.
In all three key sites of garden and garden landscapes, traditional species of plants of each group are the most widespread. In the village of Mizonovo, the studied landscapes are used for receiving food more. In Ishim and the village of Strychnine pay attention to novelties, expansion of specific structure, introduced new fruit and berry, vegetable and the spicy plants of types, to the decorative and blossoming plants more.