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AIRPORT LOGISTIC COMPETITIVENESS IN BRAZIL
Authors: William Marques; Augusto Cesar de Mendonça Brasil.
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The deregulation of airport infrastructure in Brazil is a milestone in the sector, leading the market to more fierce competition between airports and greater investments in airport infrastructure. This study aims to identify the determining variables for the logistical performance ofthe airport terminals' cargo terminals, applicable to the Brazilian case, and measure the competitiveness, by the efficiency criterion, of the 12 main cargo terminals, which correspond to 97.39% movement in Brazil. The approach included five dimensions: infrastructure, operation, demand, revenue, location and service, broken down into 22 variables. Adopting the principal component analysis, the variables that retain more information about the airports were identified and the weights of the variables were obtained from the normalization of the 3 main components that explain 85.55% of the total data information. The results show that the most relevant variables are, in order of importance, total domestic origin-destination cargo flow, annual landing-takeoff movement, number of positions in the aircraft yard and number of connections (connections) to domestic areas. The most efficient airport, considering the aggregate productivity measured by the ratio between inputs and outputs, is Viracopos, followed by Manaus, Guarulhos, Curitiba, Galeão, Confins, Porto Alegre, Goiânia, Recife, Fortaleza, Salvador and Brasília.