Tourism: Systematic and Interdisciplinary Research
Authors: Svetlana I. Pustovoytenko
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At the basis of successful development of tourist business in many economically developed countries of the world (Germany, Austria, Switzerland) lies the systematic and interdisciplinary nature of tourism research. The article provides a brief overview of the existing approaches to studying the structural components of the tourism system in order to determine the positive and negative factors of its development. Tourism is seen as a system, each component of which can be identified and studied. You can analyze a single aspect (for example, tourism economics, sociology of tourism, tourism pedagogy, insurance, medicine in tourism, etc.), limited to tourism as a sphere of activity. It is necessary, in our opinion, to analyze the cause-effect relations of interaction between all aspects of the tourism industry. To systematize the factors of the positive and negative impact of tourism on the development of recreational areas, on the economy of the country, on the solution of the basic social task of tourism is the recreation of the population of the country. The aspect of the systematic and interdisciplinary nature of research should be taken into account in theoretical developments in the field of tourism. The main result of theoretical developments is the offer on the tourist services market of a quality tourist product that is safe and accessible to all categories of the population and does not damage the recreational area and significantly replenishes its budget. The formation of specialized tourist funds is proposed, the funds from which can be used to develop a quality system in domestic tourism. The creation of a theoretical base for the development of tourism in the most economically developed countries of the world seems to be topical, which can form the basis for successful business development in the tourism industry, the development of the domestic tourism policy, and strategic and tactical tourism development plans. However, currently negative factors of tourism development continue to act, which need to be analyzed, identified, accounted for, neutralized or minimized in time. In 2017, the bankruptcy of domestic tour operators continues. The need to establish a mechanism to protect domestic producers, in this case, producers of tourist services – Russian tour operators and domestic tourism products from the absorbing activity of global international tourist concerns, is underlined. The methodological approaches used in the article are based on general scientific methods: comparison, generalization, analysis, synthesis, system analysis, analogy method. The provisions of the article can be used in the theory and practice of tourist activities.