LEAD DISTRIBUTION IN GROUND-LEVEL ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL OF ZAPORIZHIA CITY
Authors: V.O. Yemelianov, Ye.I. Nasiedkin, A.V. Sachko, І.V. Kuraieva, Т.О. Kоshliakova
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The results of long-term observations on the geochemical peculiarities of technogenic lead distribution in atmospheric
aerosol of Zaporizhia, as well as in soils, bottom sediments, suspended matter from Dnipro river and substance from wet gas
filters of open-hearth furnaces PJSC Zaporizhstal are presented. The actual material was obtained on the basis of comprehensive field monitoring during 2015-2019. Simultaneous involvement of data on hydrometeorological conditions (seasonality, precipitation, wind speeds, directions and duration) in the study area provided a integral approach to the processing and generalization of research results. A number of peculiarities of sedimentary substance distribution in air, interrelations of its anthropogenic and natural components are defined. Correlations were revealed between lead concentrations changes and aeolian mineral component distribution, seasonality, and a number of other factors. The highest concentration of lead was found in solid aerosol particles accumulated by the sedimentary trap at the monitoring site. It was revealed that the average concentration of investigated element in river suspension of Dnipro exceeds significantly background values, and for soils exceeds more than 3.5 times the permissible norms. At the same time, the fixed form of lead in atmospheric aerosol, in contrast to other environmental objects, loses its domination, giving the way to easily soluble forms, so the evidence of environmental hazard. Monitoring of seasonal patterns of the element distribution in the city air showed excess concentrations in the cold period of the year, which, according to the authors, is due to both meteorological conditions and redistribution of natural and anthropogenic factors that serve the driving force in processes of arriving and conversion of lead in atmosphere during different seasons of the year.