TEXT OF A DOCUMENT AS A COMMUNICATIVE COMPONENT OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION ACTIVITY (development of S. A. Sbitnev’s ideas on document communications)
Authors: A. G. Guk, E. V. Martynova, L. M. Tueva
Number of views: 349
The quality of modern library and information services is connected with in-depth knowledge of
characteristics of texts of documents. The concepts «text,» «text of document,» «document communications»
are fundamental in high library school. There is still no generally accepted concept for «text.» The following list
of text features is based on analysis of a number of concept definitions: semantic content, lexical cohesion, inner
coherence, order, integrity, means of expression, informativity, completeness, fixity, reference, grammatical
cohesion, authorship. The following conclusions have been drawn on the basis of analysis of the identified
features: a) in most definitions under consideration, text is a complex multidimensional unity; b) text contains
specific meaningful information (content); c) text components are interrelated. The following definition is
suggested: «Text is a complex systematic (speech, language) formation bearing certain meaning and having
the features of integrity, (lexical, logical, grammatical) cohesion and fixity.» Resource and communicative
directions of text research are considered. Interrelationship of text and information space is identified.
Conclusions are drawn on alteration of the information space density due to development of communication
technologies and increase of information exchange speed. The authors identify the factors when texts affect
information space due to public needs when texts possess or lack artistic, scientific or otherwise merits, when
text content agrees or disagrees with perception of the world by social groups. The authors also highlight
simplification of texts of electronic documents and movement of written speech to oral speech, formation of
new semiotic systems and Internet lexis. The authors argue on the communicative essence of the document
text in the system of social document communication. The authors note S. A. Sbitnev’s merits as the founder
of library education at the Kemerovo State University of Culture and Arts and his contribution to introduction
of educational subjects which provide textology fundamentals.
Keywords: text, text of the document, information space, social document communications.