State Policy Tools in the Field of Support and Stimulation of Small Business Development
Authors: Krasnonosova O. M., Kharchenko R. V.
Number of views: 51
The definition of state policy on business regulation is understood here in accordance with the current Commercial Code of Ukraine, namely: it is a system of economic, social, organizational, legal and political support of a favorable business climate so as to form and develop small business. This understanding allows us to distinguish three blocks within state policy. The first block includes fiscal components of economic relations, primarily related to financing (this block includes monetary policy, investment policy, antitrust policy, depreciation policy, innovation policy); the second block includes organizational measures, in particular, support for small businesses, domestic banks and funds financing small businesses; the third block includes legal measures, namely: a simplified system of registration and licensing, improved tax legislation as for the implementation of international accounting standards, simplification of the accounting system for small businesses, etc. The classification of the system of state policy tools in the field of supporting and stimulating small business development is considered. Unlike others, it provides systematizing state influence tools in two main vector directions: state regulation tools and state policy tools of support and stimulation of small and medium business entities, which makes it possible to clarify the composition of each group. The composition of the state regulation mechanism of small business development has been clarified as one including functions, methods, means and tools, thus allowing us to single out the tools of state regulatory and coordination influence. The concept of state support for small business has been specified as a component of public policy, which is interpreted in the work as a set of methods and forms of promoting small business, taking into account the interests of the state and businesses, allowing us to formulate its purpose, directions and tools. The latter are divided into three groups by their features: state forecasting and planning of small business development by type of economic activity; tax and financial and investment support; information, advisory and institutional support for the development of small business entities.