Public Organizations of Russian Solving Socio-Economic Problems of the early of XX century
Authors: Marina L. Galas, Pavel S. Seleznev
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The article discusses the essence and the form of participation of the specialized public organizations and associations established in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, leaders of the provincial traffic, agricultural economists in the socio-political and economic life Russia to modernize agricultural complex and its foundation-farm, in solving social problems in rural areas. Presents statistics on the activities of the societies of agriculture, whose flagship scientific and applied development, formation of productive and social infrastructure, the socio-political activity was Moscow society of agriculture (MSA).
The study questioned the relationship society’s credit structures. The growth of commodity-money relations, the need for cheap low interest credit to dealers, lawlessness, the need for combining funds for bulk purchases and sales have increased credit cooperation development. The analysis of legal support, institutionalization of the system of public finance in Russia during the period of historical development has been carried out. A special role in crediting innovations in the field of agricultural production and modernization of peasant farms was played by the Moscow People's Bank, which is also reflected in the article. The attention of the authors is drawn to the development of scientific thought of agrarians, leaders of the Moscow Union of Artists, Zemstvo-cooperative elite.
The articles about zemstvo and agricultural societies/associations of the Moscow province, which were not only innovators in the modernization of agricultural production, but also interacted with the relevant organizations of European Russia, Siberia, abroad, with the central authorities and local government, are indicative for the disclosure of the topic. A significant contribution to the modernization of the peasant economy was made by the institutions of government and public agronomists-instructors. Agricultural school of MOSH carried out training of specialists of secondary special agronomic education. The authors of the article drew attention to the role of MOSH in the formation of the system of Zemstvo public agronomy, which included a wide range of agricultural activities, social and educational programs, provincial and all-Russian institutions. The experience of zemstvo provincial socio-economic, agro-technological, educational programs in the territory of European Russia and Siberia is generalized.