Peripheral Factor in the Stuggle of People of Russia Against Napoleon in Early XIX Century
Authors: Nikolay F. Bugay
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The article is coincided with the 200th anniversary of the Patriotic War of 1812. On the basis of the documents, found in State Krasnodar Regional Archive and predecessors’ publications, the article both poses the problem of peripheral factor role and place in such an important event of Russia’s history of early ХIХ century as the Patriotic War of 1812 and shows the event participants.
This problem has become subject of historians’ close attention. The article doesn’t highlight the already known aspects of history, concerning Russian people and representatives of other Russian peoples’ (Bashkirs, Kalmyks, etc.) participation in war, but the representatives of the smallest administrative divisions, namely kuren settlements, zaimka's (small homesteads, smallholdings) and khutors (farmsteads) of Black Sea Cossack Host. This illustration was made on the example of Akhtaniz, Titarovsky, Vyshesteblievsky kuren settlements, located within the territory of Tmutarakan Uyezd (mid-level administrative district in the Russian Empire and early Soviet Union) of Black Sea Cossack Host, the Cossacks of which had to go to war two decades after settling in Taman.
The article discloses the data, attesting that Cossacks displayed true heroism, as well as patriotism, as evidenced by the age of kuren combatants – from 20 to 60 and discharged their civic duty to Motherland. They had high level of military training, skill and endurance. And they followed the example of their monarch Alexander I, who said prior to the treacherous attack by the enemy: «I won't let up until the last enemy is down».
Russia’s Cossacks of Black Sea Cossack Host didn’t disgrace the glory of the Russian soldier, glory of the Russian arms. They bravely fought against the French. Russia highly appreciated their services.
To conclude all the above-said, I’d like to note that peripheral factor in war events plays an important role in military successes and is an organic component of the success and glory of Russian Army in war. These «trickles» formed both Russian Army and Cossacks glory.