The Akhal-Teke Expeditions of 1879−1881 years: Historical and Statistical Study. Part 2
Authors: Timur A. Magsumov, Marina S. Nizamova, Marina A. Ponomareva, Ruslan M. Allalyev
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The article deals with the Akhal-Teke operations of the russian army in the period of 1879–1881 years. The attention is paid to the military-strategic situation on the eve of the conflict in the Trans-Caspian region, as well as to regional specifics of warfare. The second part of the article discusses the second Akhal-Teke operation of 1880–1881 years.
There were involved such materials as the “Collection of information about the losses of the Caucasian troops”, as well as sources of personal origin, among which there were the memories of V.A. Tugan-Mirza-Baranovsky and A.V. Scherbak.
In conclusion, the authors state that the siege of Geok-Tepe revealed the problem of combat protection of the positions of the siege troops. In just one week, from 23 to 30 December 1880, the tekintsy inflicted losses on the russian army, three times greater than the assault on the fortress.
The duration of the second expedition was 206 days, of which 27 days were spent on the active stage, that is, on the siege and assault (December 17, 1880 – January 12, 1881). The average daily losses during the second expedition were 1,6 killed (among them officers less than 0,1), 2,59 wounded (among them officers – 0,27). There were no prisoners.
In total, the first and second Akhal-Teke expeditions lasted 222 days, the losses in which were: killed-24 officers and 483 lower ranks; wounded – 76 officers and 1048 lower ranks. Total killed 507 people, 1124 wounded, 8 captured. Total losses – 1639 people. The average daily losses were 2.28 killed (0,1 officers), 5.06 wounded (0,34 officers) and 0,03 prisoners.