CONSCIOUS COMBINATION OF LABOR AND REST IN THE LIFE OF THE PERSONALITY AS THE CONDITION OF ITS SPIRITUAL SAFETY
Authors: L. V. Pomytkina, B. V. Bessonov
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The article presents the reasons for the need for a conscious combination of labor and rest in the life of the personality as a condition of its spiritual security; analyzes the main scientific approaches to the study of labor and rest, presents the main types of rest, the criteria and conditions for the restoration of human forces, reviews the special psycho-physiological states of the human’s organism, analyzes the conditions in which a person receives the greatest benefit from rest; it is determined that only a conscious combination of labor and rest provides the opportunity for spiritual growth and guarantees spiritual security.
Also, the specialties of the influence of sleep on health and working capacity are considered. This has been known for a long time, however, the question of the duration of sleep, which is necessary for a person to restore the working capacity of the brain, is also very relevant today. Drowsiness occurs as the nerve cells expend bioenergetic potential in the period of vivacity, which leads to a decrease of the exercitation. Sleep is necessary, first of all, to restore the bioenergetic level of nerve cells, that is, the brain's ability to work.
Thus, characterizing the work and rest of the subject, scientists are unanimous in one thing: labor is a human's conscious activity, meant to achieve a certain result; rest brings a person relaxation, associated with the restoration of both physical and mental forces. Rest includes: sleep, game, fun and third states. Only a person at his own discretion, on his own will, can consciously create conditions for rest and build a rich life activity, creating conditions for spiritual safety.