UNIVERSITY STUDY PROBLEMS: STUDENTS` POSITION
Authors: Vincentas Lamanauskas, Dalia Augienė, Rita Makarskaitė-Petkevičienė
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Despite the fact, that quite a lot of empirical researches have been carried out, their shortage remains obvious. Constant situation observation, research and analysis are especially important seeking to perceive higher education’s state and change. The practice remains to carry out changes not preparing for this properly, not evaluating current situation. Basically, it can be claimed, that empiric researches is a perspective way seeking to improve higher education system’s functioning. On the other hand, it is wrong to refer to theoretical or/and empiric researches carried out only in other countries. It is necessary to evaluate concrete country’s context, carry out representative researches in Lithuanian university students’ population.
Research University study problems is based on positivistic - quantitative approach. The aut-hors hold the position, that measuring causative links between variables is very important. The opi-nions of the respondents and positions about the investigated object undoubtedly help to reveal important links between variables. The research was carried out between January-March, 2012. Two university (Siauliai – SU and Lithuanian Educology – LEU) bachelor study students participated in the research. 600 questionnaires were prepared. On the whole, 544 questionnaires were acknowledged acceptable.
It can be stated, that the majority of students are satisfied with the study quality. Study quality is important for students regardless their sex. It has been stated, that first year students are most satisfied with the study quality, and later the attitude significantly changes. It is understandable, because taking part directly in the study process, the estimation is different: you are faced with objective and subjective problems; you have to consider personal expectations newly. Students are interested in Lithuanian higher education problems. However, the interest in European higher education questions is quite low.
It has been stated, that better career possibilities determined university study choice best. Personal initiative and parents’ advice are also important determining factors. However, teachers and friends didn’t have any influence, in fact, choosing university studies. The possible reason for this can be insufficient attention to professional information and career education in comprehensive schools. It is interesting that university study choice is not related with high prestige. Pragmatic-practical interests are obviously significantly important.