UNIVERSITY STUDENT CAREER UNDERSTANDING, WORK VALUE, COMPETENCE AND STUDY INFLUENCE ON PROFESSIONAL CAREER EVALUATION
Authors: Vincentas Lamanauskas, Dalia Augienė
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University study period - is not just only professional qualification and certain competence acquisition. At the same time it is a successive step to future career heights. Thus, it is inevitably important that the students evaluated the emerging opportunities as early as possible, purposefully prepared for professional activity after the university study graduation. Since the first study days, the students have to start planning their career, analyzing career questions, that concern them. On the other hand, especially important is every student’s individual career understanding, personal motivation to foresee vision and strategy towards a successful career. Thus, it is obvious, that it is important to analyze the students’ position on their professional career questions.
The solution to the mentioned questions requires reliable and adequate information. Researches on university student career problems have remained urgent recently. It is plausible, that analyzing the students’ position on these questions, sufficiently objective primary information is obtained. The empirical research (N= 265), carried out between October and December, 2014 showed that student career understanding is basically adequate, however, understanding differences exist according to the sex factor. Significant differences according to this variable have been also determined, analyzing the students’ position in terms of work value, competence, study influence on the professional career evaluation.
The students identify career understanding the least with the fast, successful promotion in service, power and responsibility increase, high social status, managing the group of people. Such understanding is more distinct among the female students than male. For women more than for men is characteristic modern career understanding, while men are apt to understand career as a traditional life path (career trajectory). In general, one can assert, that sex remains a rather important factor, determining different career understanding.
In students’ opinion, seeking successful career, interpersonal competencies are most important, i.e. a significantly expressed social interaction need. According to the respondents, the biggest influence on their successful career will have general and special (professional) competencies, acquired during university studies.