Opinions on the closure of institutional facilities for children up to 3 years in the context of recent changes among students of selected helping professions
Authors: Soňa Vávrová, Dana Musilová, Renata Polepilová
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In the Czech Republic, major changes have happened in the field of infant institutional care in connection with amendment to the Act on Social and Legal Protection of Children and the Act on Family in 2013. Efforts to close down institutional facilities for children up to 3 years are in connection to deinstitutionalization, which has become societal philosophy of transformation of institutional care in the last decade. Students of helping professions are educated in modern trends, such as deinstitutionalization, because they should become “holders and implementers” of positive changes based on respect for human rights and freedoms. In connection with that, we focused on opinions on the closing down of infant homes and children’s homes for children up to 3 years among students of nursing fields and social pedagogy. Using the quantitative method of a questionnaire, we obtained responses from 416 respondents. One of the most interesting findings is that only 10 % of students agree with the idea of closing down these institutional facilities. There are also differences based on field of study. Students of social pedagogy on average agree more with this idea than students of nursing fields. This could be based on differences in curriculum.