Telemedicine, as a tool to increase the efficiency of the diagnostic and treatment process
Authors: Ekaterina Gvarishvili, Elita Khvedelidze
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The aim of this work was the disclosure of the role of telemedicine in health care as a new direction in the modern world. The objectives of my work include coverage issues such as trends in the world of telemedicine, the need for information standards in medicine, the use of videoconferencing in telemedicine, consideration of
telemedicine as a tool to improve the efficiency of the diagnostic and treatment process, the possibilities
of telemedicine technologies.
Telemedicine technologies are the most promising tool for improving the efficiency of work in medical institutions (MPI). To realize the benefits introduced by the use of telemedicine, it is possible only within the framework of
the medical system, which has developed infrastructure:
• an integrated information system of medical institutions, based workstations, local area networks,
databases and knowledge bases;
• operational communication systems with the necessary bandwidth and the possibility of access to the global communications network.
Regional Telemedicine Network (hereinafter referred to TMS) is designed to solve problems of diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation, as well as the dissemination of knowledge and expertise among the medical staff at various levels.
Thus, TMS is the basis for building a single information space, which brings together all the elements of the regional health system.
TMS integrates all types of healthcare institutions - central and regional governments, central, regional and district clinics and hospitals, medical academies and institutes, archives and libraries, and other health care facilities.
So, telemedicine - it is the direction to the junction of several fields - medicine, telecommunications, information technology and education. Telemedicine has been developed in many countries around the world, proved in practice to be highly effective, and has a comprehensive positive impact on the health structure, improves the quality of care and enhances general practitioners, primary health care.
In addition, telemedicine facilitate cooperation between healthcare organizations, it allows you to organize an effective system of training of medical personnel. Telemedicine priority development objectives were identified, among whichare called standardization applied medical, computer and telecommunication technologies, development of information resources.
But the direction is quite new, especially in Georgia. Although it should be noted that every day there are more really good really working telemedicine systems and networks. But they need a lot more in order to solve the problems associated with high-altitude areas and fairly
low-density population of Georgia. The best way - unification of efforts of telecommunication companies, health care managers, employees of medical institutions, experts on health in surance, medical research institutes, educational institutions and development companies in the field of telemedicine solutions. In the event of such a merger might prompt decision complicated medical, organizational, financial and legal problems. This association is necessary for the effective development of such promising areas as telemedicine.