Waste Management in the City of Abidjan: from the Colonial Times to the years of Independence
Authors: Gnabro Ouakoubo Gaston, Vanga Adja Ferdinand, Affesi Adon Simon
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This article gives a succinct account of the history of the creation of the city of Abidjan, the economic capital, its settlement, the production of waste of all kinds and their management. Through this research, essential points can be retained. As early as 1965, the State entrusted the management of waste to the African industrial automobile transport company (SITAF). In the mid-1990s, it terminated SITAF's contract for the benefit of other suppliers. Despite the presence of these, the city of Abidjan is plunged in piles of waste that make the living environment unhealthy and whose odors pollute the air. The reasons are social, economic, technical and financial. The socio-political crises that followed (1999, 2002 and 2011) led to massive displacement of several families. Fleeing the hostilities of the war, they came to take refuge in Abidjan where they think they are safe. Waste has therefore increased throughout the city of Abidjan as a result of these migratory movements. The new companies that have taken over SITAF are disorganized, and among them there are informal ones whose owners are struggling to pay their workers. Companies under the authority of the National Agency for Urban Sanitation (ANASUR) for the management of waste do not possess the appropriate equipment to carry out properly the tasks entrusted to them.