ABSOLUTE AND COMPARATIVE SUSTAINABILITY OF FARMING ENTERPRISES IN BULGARIA
Authors: H. Bachev, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Professor Institute of Agricultural Economics, Sofia, Bulgaria
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Evaluating absolute and comparative sustainability of farming enterprises is among the most topical issues for researchers,
farmers, investors, administrators, politicians, interests groups and public at large. Nevertheless, in Bulgaria and most East
European countries there are no comprehensive assessments on sustainability level of Bulgarian farms of different juridical type.
This article applies a holistic framework and assesses absolute and comparative sustainability major farming structures in Bulgaria
– unregistered farms of Natural Persons, Sole Traders, Cooperatives, and Companies. First, method of the study is outlined,
and overall characteristics of surveyed farming enterprises presented. After that an assessment is made of integral, governance,
economic, social, environmental sustainability of farming structures of different juridical type. Next, structure of farming enterprises
with different sustainability levels is analyzed. Finally, conclusion from the study and directions for further research and
amelioration of sustainability assessments suggested.