The Evaluation of Initiating Tobacco Cessation Services in the Military-Based Hospital, Northeastern Thailand
Authors: Anun Chaikoolvatana, Ph.D. (Pharm.D), Penpak Pheunpha, Ph.D., Petchnapa Puchcharanapaponthorn, R.N.,Cholada Chaikoolvatana, RN, Ph.D., Nawaporn Saisingh, M.Sc., Preeyanuch Suwannakoot, R.N., Boonyada Mingkhwan, R.N.
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Objective: It aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the initial smoking cessation services at a military-based
hospital in northeastern Thailand.
Methods: It was a prospective, descriptive design. Totally, there were 1,094 conscripts who participated in the
6-month cessation program. Patient history data was collected via a patient history record divided into three different
periods of time at, 1st visit, 2nd visit (3-months), and 3rd visit (6-months). Each participant underwent ‘going cold
turkey’ with tobacco cessation approach. Sociodemographic characteristics and continuous variables (e.g., age,
duration of smoking) were analyzed via descriptive statistics. Spearman correlation coefficient was used for the
relation between predictor and dependent variables (quit success). The relations between sociodemographic data
and the prospects of quitting smoking were analyzed via multiple logistic regression.
Results: Most participants were males (99.84%), and regular drinkers (55.50%). They usually smoked 12.37
cigarettes per day. For first visit, every participant underwent ‘going cold turkey’ with tobacco cessation approach
to quit smoking (from 1st to 3rd visit). An average CO level was 3.23 ppm. Around twelve percent of participants
used 0.5% sodium nitrate mouthwash. At the second visit (3-months), numbers of cigarettes decreased to 5.48
cigarettes per day and numbers of participants were decreased to 792 personnel. Only 150 persons continue to
quit smoking (18.95%). At the last visit (6-months), a total number of participants were 688 personnel. Numbers
of cigarettes were decreased to 5.48 cigarettes per day. Only 78 persons completely quit smoking (11.34%),
and approximately 18.02% of participants still used 0.5% sodium nitrate mouthwash. Additionally, only three
sociodemographic data including, CO level, duration of counseling, and use of first line treatment were statistically
related to the prospects of quitting smoking (p<.05, .001 respectively). The equation of the prospect of quit
smoking was statistically related to those sociodemographic characteristics.
Conclusion: Tobacco cessation services in a military-based hospital were well received and short term outcomes
of conscripts seeking help was encouraging. The integration of tobacco cessation with existing healthcare services
in the military-based hospitals is necessary. Finally, further evaluations of the effectiveness of cessation services
among conscripts in the military-based hospitals need to be conducted.