CORRUPTION IN THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR FROM ROMANIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Authors: Silviu DUȚULESCU; Ileana NIȘULESCU-ASHRAFZADEH
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Corruption is becoming an increasingly acute problem lately for Romania and the
authorities are trying to find solutions in this regard. Until now the anti-corruption strategy has
undergone four stages, by approving as many sets of anti-corruption strategic documents
(National Anti-corruption Strategies in 2001, 2005, 2008 and 2012).
In this research, we started from the assumption that there is a correlation between
corruption in the public sector and the corruption in the private sector, involving the corrupting
power represented by the private sector and corruptible power represented by the public sector.
The hypothesis was confirmed by detailed analyzes conducted in this regard using a number of
variables such as the percentage of convictions in the public or private sector, the position that
the culprit holds, the county he/she comes from, the institution in which they operate, type of
sentence (suspended or performed) and the penalty in months.
Then using the statistical functions Data Analysis, PivotTable of Excel software, the
3110 observations were processed. The centralizing tables were made by filtration and then the
ventilation data by numerical and geographical coordinates.
The quantitative information provided by these summary tables combined with qualitative
information derived from extensive analyzes conducted during this investigation, led to the
confirmation of the basic assumption that there is a correlation between corruption manifested
in the public and private sector.
This correlation becomes more powerful as the bureaucratic system, namely the
workload in the public sector is growing. In this regard, we have concrete examples in the
counties of Cluj, Timiș, Constanța, Prahova, Bucharest, respectively