ROLE OF BIOINFORMATICS IN AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Authors: SINGH V.K., SINGH A.K., CHAND R., KUSHWAHA C.
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Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary area of the science composed of biology, mathematics and computer science. Bioinformatics is the application of information technology to manage biological data that helps in decoding plant genomes. During the last two decades enormous data has been generated in biological science, firstly, with the onset of sequencing the genomes of model organisms and, secondly, rapid application of high throughput experimental techniques in laboratory research. Biological research that earlier used to start in laboratories, fields and plant clinics is now starts at the computational level using computers (In-silico) for analysis of the data, experiment planning and hypothesis development. Bioinformatics develops algorithms and suitable data analysis tools to infer the information and make discoveries. Application of various bioinformatics tools in biological research enables storage, retrieval, analysis, annotation and visualization of results and promotes better understanding of biological system in fullness. This will help in plant health care based disease diagnosis to improve the quality of Plant.