Influences and implications of the Truman Doctrine in Shaping Colombia's Internal Enemy
Authors: Jaime Castañeda-Hernández
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The concept of the internal enemy as "the ally of the international communist conspiracy" in Latin America is addressed in this article as the systematic application of a series of measures drawn from the Truman Doctrine and, at its core, the inevitable paradox of the universal war of good vs. evil, communism vs. capitalism, civilization vs. barbarism, in the language of the post-Cold War and the polarity of the nations of the Southern Cone and Mesoamerica, considered by the United States to be in need of the protection and safeguarding of the imperial eagle nation. Within this context, we analyze how intelligence agencies such as the Administrative Department of Security (DAS) and the Secretariat of Intelligence of the Province of Buenos Aires (DIPBA) were implemented in Colombia and Argentina, respectively, giving rise to political persecution, human rights violations, and the deterioration of the living conditions of the people, who were assaulted, persecuted and assassinated for opposing the governments of the time. Likewise, the article harshly criticizes the School of the Americas for its systematic implementation of counter-guerrilla tactics and strategies, which, far from alleviating damages or socializing the civil population, has left a trail of systematic human rights violations throughout the decades.