Another Contribution to the Study Rural Development with Emphasis on Montenegro
Authors: Goran Rajović, Jelisavka Bulatović
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Territory of Montenegro covers a total of 1.216 rural settlements, of which 1948 were only 212 rural settlements with fewer than 100 inhabitants, while according to the data of the Statistical Office of Montenegro (2004) in 2003 in the category of rural settlements to 100 residents is even 660 villages. According to the Census of Agriculture (2010) on Montenegrin households today live 98.949 people, which also represent the labor force households. Of the total working-age population of them 23.204 are over the age of 65 years. Least is of those that are will in progressive are households should be the highest; only 7 % of the workforce Montenegrin households are younger than 24 years. Bearing in mind the experience of developed countries in solving the problems the economic and demographic devastation of rural areas, it is clear that the policy of sustainable rural development, in addition to support agricultural development, must be directed at supporting the development of non-agricultural economy. The complexity of adjustment rural policy standards and procedures of the EU is not enough accepted. Adjustment the faster takes place in the domain of legislation and secondary legislation, and much more slowly in domain strengthening the existing and establishment of new institutions for their implementation and control. For Montenegro is particularly instructive experience of Ireland, which is in the European Economic Community entered in 1973, as a backward country. For a short time this country achieved not only an impressive economic development, but also the radical social transformation. In fact, Ireland is at the beginning of the transition, his concept of rural development conceptualized not only on agriculture but is integration of rural areas a practiced and through non-agricultural activities.