Adsorption of lead by Microalgae Chaetoceros Sp. and Chlorella Sp. from Aqueous Solution
Authors: Parvin Molazadeh, Narges Khanjani, Mohammad Reza Rahimi, Alireza Nasiri
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Introduction: Using bio-sorbents is regarded as one of the effective methods to remove heavy metals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate Pbadsorption from contaminated water by Chaetoceros sp. and Chlorella sp. algae.
Materials &Methods: This experimental study was conducted in a batch reactor. The amount of Pbadsorption by Chaetoceros sp. and Chlorella sp. algae was studied under such conditions as different adsorbent dosages (0.2, 0.5, 1.5 and 2 g/L), different pH (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8), different temperatures (20, 25, 30, 35, 40 °C), different contact times (30, 60, 90, 180, 360 minutes), different particle sizes (20, 40, 60, 100, 140 mesh) and different Pb concentrations(20, 40, 60 mg/L). Then adsorption isotherms and kinetic models of metal ions were determined based on Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms as well as first and second order kinetic models.
Results: The efficiency of Pb removal by Chlorella sp. and Chaetoceros sp. algae was reported 78% and 60% respectively. The maximum adsorption was observed at optimal conditions including 25°C, pH of 6, 180 minutesof contact time, particle size of 20 mesh, 1.5 gr/L of adsorbent and 20 mg/L concentration of Pb.Chlorella algae was observed to remove Pb more than Chaetoceros algae. Based on the study results, Pbadsorption by Chlorella algae complies with Langmuir adsorption isotherm model, whereas Chaetoceros algae follows Freundlich model. The kinetic models of algae adsorption followed a second order equation.
Conclusion: The study findings revealed that Chlorella algae can be effectively used in order to adsorb Pb from contaminated water due to its high efficiency of Pb adsorption.