Drivers' Life Quality, Marital Satisfaction, and Social Support in Cargo Terminal of Yazd City
Authors: Mohammad Ali Morovati Sharifabadi; Ehsan Movahed, Kheirmohammad Jodgal, MoradAli Zareipour, Somayeh Alizadeh, Rabae Agh Atabai, Vali Bahrevar, Mahboobeh Ameri
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Introduction: This is important to consider the health, social support, and marital satisfaction of drivers since they own one of the essential and stressful jobs in society. The purpose of this research was to investigate quality of life, marital satisfaction, and social support of the drivers referring to the cargo terminal of Yazd City.
Methods: In order to collect data, 134 drivers in Yazd cargo terminal were selected. The ENRICH questionnaire of marital satisfaction, SF - 36 questionnaire, and social support questionnaire (SSQ) have been used as data collection tools. The collected data were then analyzed by Independent T test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and Pearson correlation.
Results: According to the results, the drivers' average age was 40.2 ± 9.17 years old. The mean scores of marital satisfaction, quality of life, and social support were equal to 120.04 ± 20.14 out of 175, 99.69 ± 18.14 out of 149, and 15 ± 4.76 out of 23, respectively. About 60.4 % of drivers were not satisfied with their jobs. There were significant relationships between weight and marital satisfaction
(P = 0.02), as well as between job satisfaction (P = 0.003) (P = 0.015) and income (P = 0.047) (P = 0.020), to social support and quality of life. Also, a strong significant positive relationship was observed in correlation coefficient between social support and two variables of quality of life and marital satisfaction
(P = 0.000).
Conclusion: This can be argued that marital satisfaction, quality of life, and social support of the drivers are lower than the expected levels. Therefore, it can be concluded that physical and mental health of drivers can be effective on safety of roads; thereby it is necessary to improve their conditions in marital satisfaction, quality of life, and social support.