In the context of the reform of the welfare of children have developed “new services”, whose main purpose is prevention of abandonment and support to families in the aspect of child upbringing. The long-term decisions in this area are based on the child’s best interests and not on the concepts of good and bad parenting. The article examines the activity of two alternative child services – CSC and the MBA. Although foster care and adaptation are a part of the activity of these services, they are not a subject of the examination. The focus is on establishing the main characteristics of the alternative services and on the profile of the mothers, who tend to use them.
Integrated education is an important stage of the caring for children with CP. Choosing the most suitable educational environment, complying with the specifics of the particular child, defines his further social and personal growth. This environment has to naturally introduce the child to his contemporaries, to create fitting conditions for communication, mutual assistance and tolerance.
The research summarizes estimation of the experience rate of loneliness and life
satisfaction in a sample of individual cases of older adults – users of social services. The empirical analysis shows significant negative correlation between loneliness and satisfaction variables. It can be concluded that interventions for supporting the quality of personal contacts and profound intimacy are much more essential in the gerontological social work from those interventions that focus on expanding, diversifying and growth of relationships in a quantitative aspect. The utilized research tools can be applied in practical social work for differential assessment of the rate of life satisfaction and social functioning. This way in the individual assessment it is possible to be distinguished areas of stability and satisfaction from those with unsatisfied needs, deficiency and dysfunctioning.
Social services for people with disabilities which are based in the community are of great importance for their right of independent living among their natural environment/ community. It is possible by social work, well define and planning social policy and also appropriate direction of resources – financial, human and others.
The article discusses the Bielefeld model of social work with elderly people with disabilities in Munich, Germany. The organization of social activities and the specifics of the social worker’s responsibilities are presented. The main objective of the model is to achieve a better standard of living for the individual, equality, a decent life in an accessible environment. The importance of the physical and psycho-social well-being of the client is outlined. Important requirements to the professional activity of the social worker are addressed.