The article presented the masters program at the Faculty of Education who to professional field "Social Activities" - their development, organization, focus and specificity of training them and development of students.
The article presents a conceptual and applied model for field practicum and syllabus as part of social work bachelor program at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”. The model consist the goals and curriculum of the field education. The reflective seminar and supervision are argued as crucial forms for supporting students’ learning progress. Operationalization of students’ activities for direct work with service users with different status and needs is discussed.
Clinical social work is a profession aimed at working with people with mental suffering. In Bulgaria the clinical social work practice has its history, but its status is yet unclear, because it is hard to differentiate between the fields of social pedagogy, social work and clinical social work. The following paper tries to suggest possible criterias and ways for development in the professional field by taking for example countries like the USA and Germany.
The current article looks at the child with specific needs as a focus and advantage for different models and practices. There are presented analyzes based on the author's experience in public and private organizations involved in caring for children with specific needs and their families. Main highlights are the system and the unified approach to understanding disability.
The article examines one of the most urgent and burning issues facing the profession of social worker – wages. Make a thorough characterizations of the profession of social worker. Analyze the nature of wages as the price of human labor. On the basis of detailed statistical information investigate the problems of payment of social workers. To make reasoned conclusions and recommendations for solving the problems of payment of social workers.
The article is aimed at clarifying the nature of the group process in humans experienced crisis events arising from disaster situations. The theoretical framework is in the field of social work with individuals, groups and communities. For this purpose, the crisis is defined in the field of experienced disaster, not in personality or life context. The trauma is also examined on this basis – as an effect of experienced disastrous event, changed the usual life scenario and mechanisms to avoid freezing in it – “trance”. The article follows the possibilities to find solutions and develop the abilities of people in post-disaster trauma through involvement in social work with the group. In the analytical plan, it clarifies the
ways to restore the group level, the elements of group process and some techniques and procedures used in this process.
The object of this article are styles behavior of students in conflict situations at school. The target group - students from third to sixth grade is empirical research. Presented is a questionnaire – structure, description, the process of creating and testing. The basic data from the pilot testing of the questionnaire are summarized.
Main precondition for effective implementation of vocational guidance and counseling activities is the professionalism of the specialists working within the system for handling adolescents in conflict with the law. Such attempts in Bulgaria are rather occasional than systematic, with no overall vision and strategy. The paper discusses results from a representative survey, conducted among secretaries and public educators from the Local Commissions on Juvenile Delinquency. On this basis specific recommendations are presented, outlining both difficulties and perspectives.
The article presents field research in the small town of Rakitovo, in which the Roma population is significant part of its inhabitants who are living in two neighborhoods. Based on the framework program for integration of minorities in the country this article presents an overview of the municipal educational strategy for desegregation. It is shown the activity of the Roma Foundation "Future". The aim of the study was to determine the cause stimulating Roma students to attend the community center library. Through methods of observation, comparison and interviews it is traced the activity of library Roma users. The results of the study indicate that the ethnically mixed schools, foreign example, increased requirements, migration of parents and the small number of children in the family are crucial for the development of Roma students. Community Center Library is the link between the
Roma neighborhood and educational institutions. It provides an environment conducive for socialization of minorities.
In the context of the reform of the welfare of children have developed “new services”, whose main purpose is prevention of abandonment and support to families in the aspect of child upbringing. The long-term decisions in this area are based on the child’s best interests and not on the concepts of good and bad parenting. The article examines the activity of two alternative child services – CSC and the MBA. Although foster care and adaptation are a part of the activity of these services, they are not a subject of the examination. The focus is on establishing the main characteristics of the alternative services and on the profile of the mothers, who tend to use them.
Integrated education is an important stage of the caring for children with CP. Choosing the most suitable educational environment, complying with the specifics of the particular child, defines his further social and personal growth. This environment has to naturally introduce the child to his contemporaries, to create fitting conditions for communication, mutual assistance and tolerance.
The research summarizes estimation of the experience rate of loneliness and life
satisfaction in a sample of individual cases of older adults – users of social services. The empirical analysis shows significant negative correlation between loneliness and satisfaction variables. It can be concluded that interventions for supporting the quality of personal contacts and profound intimacy are much more essential in the gerontological social work from those interventions that focus on expanding, diversifying and growth of relationships in a quantitative aspect. The utilized research tools can be applied in practical social work for differential assessment of the rate of life satisfaction and social functioning. This way in the individual assessment it is possible to be distinguished areas of stability and satisfaction from those with unsatisfied needs, deficiency and dysfunctioning.
Social services for people with disabilities which are based in the community are of great importance for their right of independent living among their natural environment/ community. It is possible by social work, well define and planning social policy and also appropriate direction of resources – financial, human and others.
The article discusses the Bielefeld model of social work with elderly people with disabilities in Munich, Germany. The organization of social activities and the specifics of the social worker’s responsibilities are presented. The main objective of the model is to achieve a better standard of living for the individual, equality, a decent life in an accessible environment. The importance of the physical and psycho-social well-being of the client is outlined. Important requirements to the professional activity of the social worker are addressed.
The article discusses the characteristics of the consultancy practice in psychoanalytic approach, stand up for the need of overall and common training of the team which leads to a common understanding for the mental and the suffering. Fundamental parameters for conducting primary diagnostic interview are described.
This article reviews basic approaches to individual plan design for social work with older people. Objectives and areas of planning are discussed in the perspective of understanding of successful aging, quality of life and subjective well-being. A complex model of an individual plan is proposed that meets corresponds the social workers needs in the practice. The plan is structured in a usable form and implies a balance between care, support and own activity and autonomy of the client.
The following paper purpose is to be analyzed theoretically and empirically techniques for enhancing motivation for change, which are eligible for implementation in the social work process with youngsters with deviant behavior. The study relies on the assumption that the model of social work, which is oriented towards the motivation for change, facilitates the process when it presents techniques encouraging change and avoids those who hold it. The motivation for change enhancement is a result of the specificity and the quality of interaction. The study was conducted in social work organizations with corrective and supportive functions mainly – shelters and transitional programs, therapeutic communities and rehabilitation programs. The article provides methodological guidelines for the possible use of techniques for enhancing motivation for change, consistent with the phases of the workflow in the social work process with youngsters with deviant behavior.
The paper aims to trace the process of emergence and development of sustainability – from the idea to the term. It introduces different definitions of the term depending on the contextual use, as well as documents where they meet. The paper is focused on important dimensions of the concept; special attention is paid on the social aspect.
The paper presents results from an empirical research, conducted among children in residential care. Aim of the study is to identify the influence of public attitudes on the relationship between children placed at the institution. Societal attitudes towards children at residential care can be considered in terms of two opposing positions. On one hand - compassion and pity, ongoing donations, on the other – non-acceptance, rejection, labeling. In both cases, the attitude towards those children is not adequate and could generates violence.