Communicative function of national-cultural organizations of Galicia and Naddnipryanshchyna in 1910- 1920s
Authors: Vivsyana Inna
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The problem of the unity of the people is decided not by one generation of the Ukrainian intelligentsia. Today, as before,
contacts for the «West-East» format are relevant for national consolidation. The communicative function of the activity of the
national intelligentsia, that is, the various forms and means of information exchange, is intensified in modern conditions.
Therefore, today, as never before, it is important to study and use the experience of past generations. Certain analogies with the
events of a century ago have led to the use of the experience of the intelligentsia, which has fruitfully contacted through nationalcultural
organizations, providing communication of the regions.
The purpose of the article is to determine the main forms of manifestation of the communicative function in the activities of
the Shevchenko Scientific Society, the Society of Prosvita and some other national-cultural organizations.
The communicative function of communication through language is a prerequisite for the continuity of generations, social
and scientific progress, the unification of people around a common goal. Linguistic unity, therefore, becomes the basis for unity in
its various manifestations.
In the first quarter of the XX century the Ukrainian literary language had already developed socio-political terminology. The
orthographic discussion that emerged in the early twentieth century helped form the scientific foundations of common linguistic
norms by overcoming the differences that existed in the literal practice of the Dnieper and Galicia. Participants of the discussion,
which were linguists, writers, proved that a person is capable of influencing the language and shaping its norms.
The Shevchenko Scientific Society in Lviv (NTSh) was the most important among the national-cultural organizations that
carried out a communicative function in the 1910s-1920s.
In 1909, the tradition of publishing popular brochures on the life of Ukrainians, which was actively continued by Prosvita,
was initiated, during the First World War, the Union of Liberation of Ukraine, during the liberation events, Ukrainian publishing
Among other national-cultural organizations that carried out a communicative function, one should mention joint theatre
and choir collectives (Les Kurbas, «The Young Theatre», I. Franko theatre, the Republican chapel under the direction of
There are different approaches to assessing communicative processes. Representatives of Galicia both at that time and the
present, there are two trends: recognition of Galicia auxiliary or a leading role in the nation-building processes.
The communicative function is extremely important in the activities of national cultural organizations, it helps to achieve
understanding between representatives of different regions, promotes effective cooperation on the creation of a new quality of
Ukrainian statehood. For 1910-1920 it turned out to be in the form of the development of common all-Ukrainian norms of
spelling and scientific terminology, activating the work of Prosvita and other cultural organizations. For the current
circumstances, this may be other forms and methods of cooperation. The main thing is that communication is not interrupted
and not stopped.